The Russian word for school is школа
(skhola). Both words are similar, because they both
come from the Latin word schola (lesson, school). The Latin word comes from the Greek
word σχολή (skholé
= leisure time spent in the pursuit of knowledge). The Greek word
is linked to a Proto Indo-European root seĝh-
(to hold, possess; to overcome somebody; victory).
In the academic world, there are many words that are similar
between Russian and English. This is because for hundreds of
years after the collapse of the Roman Empire, universities
and monasteries continued to dictate classes in Latin. Regardless on
which country they lived, both the English and the Russian students
used words like:
||Both words come from the Latin word professor,
composed of the prefix pro-(forward), the supine, fessum of the verb
fateri (admit, confess), and the suffix -or, agent,
the one who does the action. Another word that is similarly
composed is "confessor".
The prefix pro-comes from the Indo-European root *per-2
which gave us a bunch of Greek (para-, peri-, proto-) and Latin (per-,
pro-, pre-) prefixes associated with being in first position or moving
The verb fateri verb is associated with
the PIE root *bhā-2
||This word comes from Latin studens, studentis,
present participle (-nt = the one who does the action), of the verb studiare
(to study). This verb is related to *(s)steu-
(to push, hit).
||This one comes from collgium
(association collegues). Both words college and collegue are formed
with the suffix co- (together, completely, mutually) and the verb legere
(to chose, to pick, to harvest, to read).
The prefix co- is asociated with the root *kom-
(by, beside, at, with) and the verb legere
||This word comes from Latin Academia,
from the Greek
which was the name where the Greek philosopher Plato (427-347 b.C.)
||From Latin Lyceum, from the Greek
which was the name of the place where the Greek philosopher
Aristotle (384-322 b.C.) taught.
||Comes from the Latin gymnasium and it from the Greek
It is derived from
γυμνος (gymnos =
naked), because the old Greek tradition was to exercise naked.
This word not only refers to the place were one exercises, but it also
to academic high-schools that prepare students for the university, as
you can see in this old picture of my
grandfather's high-school that reads:
- В. Л.
(Harbin's Private Russian Gymnasium - V.
||From Latin institutus, past
participle of the verb instituere (to place into).
This word is formed with the prefix in- (penetration, towards the
inside) and the verb statuare (to stand up).
The prefix in- is said to come from the PIE root *en-1
(in), and the verb stature from *stā-
||This one comes from universitas,
composed of unus (one), versum,
supine of the verb vertere (to turn, to apply one's
self) and the suffix -tat that indicates a quality.
Unus is related to a root *e-3
(this, one) and vertere to *u̯er-3-
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